Excessive mortality - Statistics (2023)

Excessive mortality in the EU between January 20 and September 2022

In March 2020, the number of deaths was quickly increased.The highest tip of a number of deaths, Spain, followed by France, Belgium and the Netherlands.February 2021, the EU experienced two waves of excessive mortality: the first between March and May 2020 (an excess rate of 25.2% in April) and a second between August 2020 and the end of the year (a rate of 40% in November, in November,the highest rate for the whole year).In this second wave, excess mortality in all Member States increased, this time with a geographical prevalence in the eastern part of Europe (Poland, Bulgaria and Slovenia, a surplus of more than 90% in November 2020).

The excess mortality level reached a third height in April 2021.When the summer of 2021, the downward trend was reversed and the EU with the EU rate, which reached 26.5% in November and 23.6% in December 2021.

In the first quarter of 2022, the fourth wave of excess mortality weakened, whereby the general rate for values more than three times lower than the peak value of November 2021: 7.9% in January and 8.0% in February 2022, followed by 6.5%in March 201022 (see Figure 1).After an increase of less than 11.6% in April 2022, the EU surplus mortality rate returned to low values in the next two months, which are similar to the level registered at the beginning of the year: 7.6% in May and 8% in June.

In July 2022, the mortality rate in the EU rose to 16.5% of the average number for the same period 2016-2019 (it was 8.0% in June).Hubo around 60,000 additional deaths in July 2022. This is an unusually high value for this month: the excess mortality rate in July 2020 (10,000 excess deaths) and 5.6% in July 2021 (21,000 excess deaths).In August 2022, excess mortality was again compared to the last two years: 13.1% (47,000 additional deaths), compared to an excessive mortality rate of 7.7% in August 2020 (28,000 deaths from excess) and 9.1% in August2021 (33,000 deaths in the surplus).

According to the available information, part of the increase in mortality in July and August 2022 may be due to the same month of the past two years to heat waves that affected parts of Europe during the reference period.

In September 2022, excessive mortality in the EU took back over the previous month and was 9.3% of the average number for the same period 2016-2019 (it was 13.0% in August). Hubo around 30,000 additional deaths in September 2022.In the comparison, the excessive mortality rate in September 2020 was 8.1% (28,000 deaths) and 12.8% in September 2021 (44,000 deaths in excess).

Figure 1: Excess monthly mortality in the EU

(Video) Excess deaths, the data

According to weekly death statistics, around 1.6 million additional deaths were recorded in the countries of the EU between January 2020 and the end of September 2022, compared to the average number for the same period in 2016-2019 (seeWeekly death statistics - explained statistics).

The annual demographic credit published in July 2022 confirmed the results of the collection of special data of the weekly deaths.In 2020, the EU population went from 447.3 million to 447.0 million low. The withdrawal continued in 2021, with the population reaching 446.8 million on January 1, 2022.More detailed information aboutChange of populationIt is available in the respective article.
The excess annual mortality for the EU in 2020 was 11.9% higher than on average 2016-2019;In 2021 it was a higher, Estonia and Finland) reported the mortality rate below 5%, in contrast to this, Slovakia and Bulgaria reported the rates of almost 40%.The countries in which the most important improvements in the second year of pandemic in Belgium (from an annual excess mortality rate of 16.2% in 2020 were in 2020. to 3.0% in 2021) and Spain (out of 18, 0% in 2020 to 7.7% in2021).There were several member states in which the annual surplus rats rats rose around 2021 compared to 2020: Slovakia (from 10.7% to 37.6%), Bulgaria (14.6% to 37.7%), Latvia (from 1.5% to 21.8%) and Estonia (from 2.2% to 21.2%).

In order to evaluate the development of excess mortality from the beginning of the Covid 19 pandemic, the value of the indicator could be compared for the same period for the same period (with the exception of 2020, in which the period, which was considered as a pre-pandemiate, January, January, excluded, January and February).Therefore, the excess mortality from 9.2% from March to September 2020, 11.6% from January to September 2021 and 10.0% in January to September 2022 was.

(Video) Excess deaths, lack of data

The outbreak speakers vary greatly between Member States

The European countries were not affected in the same way or at the same time by the various excessive waves of deaths.Table 1 and then the monthly rates of excess mortality in 2020, 2021 and 2022. From the period 2016 to 2019, the extraordinary situation, which began in the first months of 2020, became at the other level. The first two months of the year contained lower values thanwho observed in previous years.Although mortality normally began to decrease in early March in 2020, the number of deaths in March rose from deaths in March.2022 Mortality compared to the average of the earlier period, but a new upward trend started at the end of August and rose in October, which reached 40%from 2020 in November.This second wave continued until January -February 2021 and was more geographically balanced than the first, with a greater excess mortality in the EU -Eastern regions.

During the initial phase of Covid 19 pandemic, the highest excessive mortality rates in the EU (80.8%), Belgium (73.1%) and the Netherlands (53.8%) were recorded in Spain.Four other countries had an increase of more than 35%in the number of deaths in April 2020, namely Italy (41.7%, although the highest increase already occurred 49.6%), Sweden (38.2%), Ireland (38.0%) and France (36.4%).However, several countries increased several countries in other months of the 2020s in August (24.4%), Cyprus in May (28.4%), Portugal in July (25.8%) in other months 2020: Malta, in thisCountries, a period from the beginning of the relatively stable summer (compared to the baseline 2016-2019) followed the high increase in spring mortality.Then there was a second increase in most Member States, even with the least affected springs in spring 2020.August, and in Schecks and Greece in September 2020. From September 2020, the increase was larger and widespread in November and reached new tips in November, with considerable installments in Poland (97.0 %), Bulgaria (94.0 %), Slovenia, Slovenia(91.3%), checks (75.8%), Romania (62.6%) and Hungary (59.2%).Countries with high values in spring 2020 again recorded high mortality rates in November 2020: Belgium (58.8%), Italy (51.6%), Austria (47.3%), Malta (40.2%), France (31, 3%) and Spain (24.4%).

Table 1: Suberance surplus indicator

(Video) Excess deaths continue

In January and February 2021, a minor decline in excess mortality was observed in most countries, the trend continued at the end of 2020 the 2016-2019 reference period.Some countries had very high interest rates, with the surplus rates of more than 50% in Bulgaria (76.9% in April), Slovakia (74.9% in January), Poland (65.4% in April), check (62, 1 % in March) and Hungary (50.6 % in March), while others had no excess of death.In May, June and July 2021, the total number of deaths in the European Union decreased even more and reached a general rate of 5.6 % in July 2021, the lowest rate since July 2020. Between September and November 2021 the general rate rose toFourth time to 26.5% in November, the surplus of surpluses continued to be significantly significantly significantly significantly the EU member states in October and November 2021, while some Member States (Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Schecks, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Estonia, Latviaand lithuania) registered excess mortality rates), some other interest rates below 20 % or even inclined to a zero extraction rate (Table 1).In December 2021, excess mortality decreased slightly to 23.6%, but continued in all Member States in Sweden in Sweden in all Member States and 69.1% in Poland.

In the first part of 2022, the fourth wave weakened, but not in all EU member states.Although the general rate fell more than three times lower than in November 2021, some Member States registered the mortality rates, which are many times higher than the EU The deaths were very narrow for 2016-2019 or even below the national average.

In September 2022, a lower value than the national monthly average for 2016-19, while Latvia (4.6%), Slovenia (4.4%), were instructed in EU.1.8%), Slovenia (4.4%), Bulgaria (2.7%), Slovenia (4.4%), Bulgaria (2.7%).Hungary (2.3%) and Luxembourg (1.5%(1.5%) had excess mortality rates of less than half of the EU average. On the contrary, the highest rates were in Finland (17.2%) and Greece(16.9%). Another country with a rate of more than 15%was Estonia (15.7%).

In the following tool you can choose the country that you want to analyze.

Other publications

The data for the past few months have been temporary and are subject to the review.This article and the related table are updated monthly.

Origin data for tables and illustrations

Excessive mortality - Statistics (3) Surplus data

(Video) Excess Mortality and COVID-19: What is causing it?

Data sources

The indicator of excess mortality that covers the EU and AELC countries is based on data from weekly deaths that the member states voluntarily transmit according to Eurostat over the last weeks of mortality statistics.These weekly data is attributed to months to calculate the excessive mortality indicator.On the effects of the excess mortality indicator, the death figures, the death figures for the past few weeks in a Member State in which they are corrected, they are corrected for incompleteness.Data for 2021 are still temporary and are checked with the next versions.

Thirty -thirty countries offer weekly mortality data: Belgium, Bulgaria, Check, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Austria, Austria,,, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.The data received by candidates and neighboring countries are not available in this article.

The Ireland data was not included in the first phase of excess mortality approval options for obtaining updated mortality data.At the end of April 2021, CSO began publishing a series of time from October 2019 to the last few weeks using death warnings (seeCSO -Website).To the effects of this start, Eurostat compares the new series with Web Song 2020-2021 with a baseline created with official data 2016-2019.CSO regularly evaluates the quality of this data.


Covid-19 pandaemia has caused enormous interest in statistics.Therefore, in April 2020 in cooperation with the national statistical institutes of the European Statistical System, a special collection of data on weekly deaths set up to support the efforts of politics and research in connection with Pandemia.National statistical institutes regularly and voluntarily transfer the data to Eurostat until the last week is available.

"Excess mortality" was identified as the most useful indicators of the evaluation of additional deaths and the other indicators contained in the European statistical restoration authority were supplemented.In order to capture the dynamics of the mortality changes in more stable every month, at the latest 45 days after the end of the reference period (depending on the data for Eurostat of the national statistical institutes) companies.Statistics on excess deaths provide information on the burden of mortality that may be related to the Pann, EMI Covid-19, which not only properly informed the deaths that are attributed directly to the virus, but also to those who are properly informed, as well as deaths based on othersCauses that can be attributed to the general crisis situation.Blockation period.

(Video) Excess Deaths During the Coronavirus Pandemic


What does high mortality rate mean? ›

noun. the relative frequency of deaths in a specific population during a specified time, often cited as the percentage of human deaths during a public health crisis, or of wildlife deaths due to environmental perils: Patients over the age of 80 had the highest mortality rate during the last flu season.

What nationality has the highest mortality rate? ›

Death rate
RankCountrydeaths/1,000 population
119 more rows

How to calculate mortality rate? ›

The estimated total number of deaths in a population of a given sex and/or age, divided by the total number of this population, expressed per 100,000 population, for a given year, in a given country, territory, or geographic area.

What age has the highest mortality rate? ›

The current age distribution of deaths is dominated by the middle-age population, ages 25-64, driven by the opioid epidemic.

What are the three types of mortality? ›

Types of mortality rates
  • Crude mortality rate. Counts all deaths. ...
  • Age-specific mortality rate. Counts only deaths in specific age group. ...
  • Infant mortality rate. Counts deaths in children less than 12 months of age, divides by number of live births in same time period.
  • Maternal mortality rate. ...
  • Under-5 mortality rate.

What factors do high mortality rate? ›

The variables which show the highest disparity in mortality level are: natural region among the context variables, education of mother among the socioeconomic variables, and interbirth interval and maternal age at birth of their children among the biological ones.

What race has the best life expectancy? ›

Racial gaps in life expectancy have long been recognized. The same CDC data show that nationally, Hispanic Americans have the longest life expectancy, followed by white and then Black Americans.

What is the number 1 cause of mortality? ›

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. This is the case in the U.S. and worldwide. More than half of all people who die due to heart disease are men. Medical professionals use the term heart disease to describe several conditions.

Who has the lowest mortality rate in the world? ›

Qatar has the lowest mortality rate in the world at 1.2 deaths per 1,000 people. This low mortality rate can be attributed to Qatar's improved health care system, renowned for its technologically advanced facilities and ability to deliver some of the world's best patient care.

What is mortality rate in statistics? ›

Mortality rate. A mortality rate is a measure of the frequency of occurrence of death in a defined population during a specified interval.

What are the types of mortality? ›

Most common types of mortality rates include crude mortality rate, infant mortality rate (or IMR) and maternal mortality rate (or MMR). The crude mortality rate is all deaths divided by the total population. IMR is the total deaths of children less than 12 months of age divided by the total live births.

What are the six measure of mortality? ›

The crude death rate and the specific death rates (age, sex, age-sex, age- sex-cause of death specific) are simple measures of mortality. The other measures are based on the life tables.

What are the odds of living to 80? ›

Finally, children born today will live longer than any other generation. About 2/3 will live past 80, and 1/3 past 90.

What are the odds of living to 70? ›

43 percent of people worldwide now live into their seventies, up from 33 percent twenty years ago. But just because we're living longer doesn't mean we're living better.

What are the odds of dying by age? ›

** Death rates for "Under 1 year" (based on population estimates) differ from infant mortality rates (based on live births).
Death rate in the United States in 2019, by age and gender (per 100,000 of population)
Age GroupMaleFemale
8 more rows
5 Oct 2022

What are the top three causes of human mortality? ›

Leading causes of death worldwide

heart disease. stroke. lower respiratory infections. COPD.

What are the five factors which affect mortality rate? ›

The factors affecting death are age, sex, diseases, heredity, nutritional level, health facility and services and health education.

What are the 5 categories for manner of death? ›

The classifications are natural, accident, suicide, homicide, undetermined, and pending. Only medical examiner's and coroners may use all of the manners of death. Other certifiers must use natural or refer the death to the medical examiner.

What kills the most humans every year? ›

In terms of the number of humans killed every year, mosquitos by far hold the record, being responsible for between 725,000 and 1,000,000 deaths annually.

Is a high mortality rate good? ›

Paradoxically, this is a sign of progress: Higher mortality is just a reflection of the fact that we have a larger population. And we have a larger population because the actual probability of dying across all age groups has declined. This decline is driving a profound shift in the age at which people die.

What is the biggest killer of humans in history? ›

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

Do educated people live longer? ›

A 25-YEAR-OLD American with a university degree can expect to live a decade longer than a contemporary who dropped out of high school. Although researchers have long known that the rich live longer than the poor, this education gap is less well documented—and is especially marked in rich countries.

Why do Italians live so long? ›

Mediterranean diet

As the renowned medical journal Lancet points out, eating habits play a key role when it comes to Italians and longevity. A large part of the population can easily bring fresh and healthy food to the table, regardless of social status and income. This is what makes the difference.

Why do Asians live so long? ›

This exceptional longevity is explained by a low rate of obesity and a unique diet, characterized by a low consumption of red meat and a high consumption of fish and plant foods such as soybeans and tea.

What is 2nd leading cause of death? ›

Stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are the 2nd and 3rd leading causes of death, responsible for approximately 11% and 6% of total deaths respectively. Lower respiratory infections remained the world's most deadly communicable disease, ranked as the 4th leading cause of death.

What are the top 5 preventable deaths? ›

The top three leading causes of preventable injury-related death – poisoning, motor vehicle, and falls – account for over 86% of all preventable deaths. No other preventable cause of death—including suffocation, drowning, fire and burns, and natural or environmental disasters—accounts for more than 5% of the total.

What country has the youngest death rate? ›

The countries with the lowest life expectancies are:
  • Central African Republic (53.345 years)
  • Chad (54.458 years)
  • Lesotho (54.366 years)
  • Nigeria (54.808 years)
  • Sierra Leone (54.81 years)
  • Somalia (57.5 years)
  • Ivory Coast (57.844 years)
  • South Sudan (57.948 years)

What country suffer the most from COVID? ›

When we took an initial look at total COVID-19 deaths, our Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation forecast showed that the countries with the largest epidemics since February 2020 include India, the United States, Brazil, Russia, and Mexico.

Why is the US mortality rate so high? ›

Americans are more likely to die before age 65 than peers in other rich nations. The rising death rate is due primarily to drug overdoses, alcohol, suicides, and cardiometabolic conditions — a category that includes diabetes and heart diseases caused by high blood pressure and other conditions.

How do you interpret mortality rate? ›

A mortality rate is the number of deaths due to a disease divided by the total population. If there are 25 lung cancer deaths in one year in a population of 30,000, then the mortality rate for that population is 83 per 100,000.

What is mortality rate and its types? ›

Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1000 individuals per year. Various mortality types exist: Cause-specific mortality rate: number of deaths by a specific cause in a defined population in a defined period of time. No need for these people to be already sick (we look at the total population).

What is other name of mortality? ›

Words related to mortality

fatality, bloodshed, carnage, deadliness, destruction, extermination, extinction, lethality, being, ephemerality, flesh, humanity, humankind, impermanence, temporality, transience.

Whats mortality means? ›

Listen to pronunciation. (mor-TA-lih-tee) Refers to the state of being mortal (destined to die). In medicine, a term also used for death rate, or the number of deaths in a certain group of people in a certain period of time.

What does 5 mortality rate mean? ›

Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.

What are the mortality indicators? ›

7.1 Indicators of Mortality

Indicators used to measure deaths in a population are crude death rate (CDR), child morality rate, life expectancy at birth, etc. Among the child mortality indicators, the infant mortality rate is widely used as an indicator of health status and development.

Which one is the best measure of mortality? ›

Pros: Life expectancy at birth is the single best summary measure of the mortality pattern of a population. It translates a schedule of age-specific deaths rates into a result expressed in the everyday metric of years, the average "length of life."

What is the simplest measure of mortality? ›

The simplest measure of mortality is the number of deaths.

What does the mortality rate tell us? ›

Mortality is another term for death. A mortality rate is the number of deaths due to a disease divided by the total population. If there are 25 lung cancer deaths in one year in a population of 30,000, then the mortality rate for that population is 83 per 100,000.

What does mortality rate indicate? ›

Mortality rate is nothing more than the incidence of death in a certain time window, often given as an annual rate per 100,000 (Fig. 3.9).

What does a 90% mortality rate mean? ›

Of the roughly 150,000 people who die each day across the globe, about two thirds—100,000 per day—die of age-related causes. In industrialized nations, the proportion is much higher, reaching 90%.

Does mortality rate mean survival? ›

Here's the takeaway: the mortality rate is the number of people who die every year of a given cause in a specific number of people (often 100,000). The survival rate is how many people are still alive at a specific time after diagnosis.

What is the effect of mortality? ›

the degree to which circumstances or behavior increase or decrease the incidence of death. For example, a behavioral health researcher could study the mortality effects of a fatty diet and lack of exercise, which could lead to early death from heart disease.

How does mortality rate affect the economy? ›

As the mortality rate and thus uncertainty falls, this precautionary demand decreases and so does population growth. At the same time lower mortality increases a child's expected life span and hence the return to education, which encourages investment in the child's human capital.

Is increased mortality rate good? ›

Paradoxically, this is a sign of progress: Higher mortality is just a reflection of the fact that we have a larger population. And we have a larger population because the actual probability of dying across all age groups has declined. This decline is driving a profound shift in the age at which people die.

Does mortality mean living or dying? ›

Refers to the state of being mortal (destined to die). In medicine, a term also used for death rate, or the number of deaths in a certain group of people in a certain period of time.

What does a 100 mortality rate mean? ›

100,000. Proportionate mortality. Number of deaths assigned to a specific cause during a given time interval. Total number of deaths from all causes during the same time interval. 100 or 1,000.

What is a mortality risk score? ›

The Mortality Risk Score (MRS) collapses age, sex, and the ADGs to a single summary score that predicts the annual risk of all-cause death in adults.

What is infinite mortality rate? ›

The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. In addition to giving us key information about maternal and infant health, the infant mortality rate is an important marker of the overall health of a society.

What diseases have a 100 mortality rate? ›

Rabies. Rabies, one of the oldest known infectious diseases, is nearly 100% fatal and continues to cause tens of thousands of human deaths globally (1).

What does a mortality rate of 9.5 mean? ›

The rate is usually expressed in terms of 1,000 people: for example, a crude death rate of 9.5 (per 1000 people) in a population of 1 million would imply 9500 deaths per year in the entire population.

What does 60 mortality rate mean? ›

Definition: Probability that a 15 year old person will die before reaching his/her 60th birthday. The probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60 years (per 1 000 population) per year among a hypothetical cohort of 100 000 people that would experience the age-specific mortality rate of the reporting year.


1. COVID 19 Update Update 106: Comorbidities and Excess Deaths; Bradykinin and Coronavirus
(MedCram - Medical Lectures Explained CLEARLY)
2. Excess Death Rate During The Coronavirus Pandemic By U.S. State, March-August 2020
(JAMA Network)
3. Non covid excess deaths
(Dr. John Campbell)
4. COVID-19: Excess deaths 'too high', says Independent Sage member
(Sky News)
5. Record excess deaths in Europe
(Dr. John Campbell)
6. 18 million excess deaths
(Dr. John Campbell)
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